Due to the changes in ecosystem and increased pollution rate, many parts of the earth are getting heated fast. Thus it creates an imbalance in the climatic condition and we feel there is intense heat during summer and chilly weather in winter. So many houses are becoming dependent of using heating installation to protect the family from morning chillness or freezing temperature. Whether it is heating effect or cooling, the mechanism is the same for both. In houses, we use either window AC or split AC depending on the budget and convenience, but in offices it is common to use commercial Air Conditioning facility.
Basically the AC unit works by removing heat from one place to another. Any refrigeration unit has a compressor system, which compresses the air present inside the room. Also, you can find another unit called condenser, which receives the compressed air and drives it out to the atmosphere. As a result of this process of condensation of hot vapor, the refrigerant turns the air into liquid. Another part called evaporator, which is present outside the room absorbs the atmospheric air from outside and sends it inside the room for compressing. The same cycle gets repeated and thus the entire room gets cooled.
Unlike any other electronic appliances, air conditioner does not warrant frequent maintenance. In case you are cleaning the filter regularly, then there will not be any problem. However, you can call the installer yearly once to check the internal parts of the system and for cleaning them. It depends on your budget whether to choose window system or central AC unit for the house. You will need a forced air furnace and ductwork in your house if you want to fix central cooling system. Depending on the climatic zone of the region you can either go for window system or central commercial Air Conditioning system.
In extremely cold countries, there will be hydronic central heating systems in each home. It is also called as furnace or boiler, which raises the temperature of the entire house using heating installation process. The water gets heated in the system, which is circulated in the house through pipes. Further, you will have to install various pipes under the floor for sending the heated water to the room. The cool water is absorbed from the furnace, which subsequently heats it up for giving the necessary warmth in the house.